Monkeys Facts & Types
A barrel of monkeys: They’re amazing as well as mischievous and fascinating monkeys! They’re able to adapt in many ways, depending on their habitat. They’re mostly arboreal. Other monkeys, such as macaques mangabeys, and even baboons are more terrestrial. All monkeys can use their hands and feet for holding on to branches, but some arboreal monkeys are able to utilize their tails as well. Tails that can grab or hold are known as prehensile. These tails are ridged on the underside and very flexible, so so that they can grasp branches from trees or pick up anything as small as a peanut!
Monkeys can be found in two regions of the world So, scientists have classified them or Old World monkeys or New World monkeys. Old World monkeys can be found within Africa along with Asia. There are many examples of them, including guenons mangabeys, macaques, baboons and colobus monkeys. New World monkeys are found in Mexico, Central America, and South America. Examples include spider monkeys, woolly monkeys, howler monkeys, capuchin monkeys, and squirrel monkeys. Tamars and marmosets are also found within New World habitats but are distinct enough to belong in their own distinct scientific grouping.
There are some traits that are different in Old World and New World monkeys:
Nose: The majority of Old World monkeys have small nostrils that curve close together. The majority of Modern World species have round nostrils set in a wide space.
Cheek pouches: Macaques and several other Old World monkeys have cheek pouches. Food is packed in the course of and can then be chewed at a later time. New World monkeys don’t have cheek pouches.
Rump pads: Some Old World monkeys, such as drills, have sitting cushions on their rumps however New World monkeys do not.
Tails The tails of some New World monkeys, such as spider monkeys, have prehensile tails, but Old World monkeys do not. Another Old World monkey, the Barbary macaque, has no tail!
HABITAT AND DIET
Most monkeys are found in the forests of the tropical regions Asia, Africa along with Central as well as South America, or the savannas in Africa. Geladas and golden monkeys are mountain dwellers. Japanese macaques live in parts of Japan in areas where it snows. These are the monkeys you’ve seen on TV that find hot springs, and spend a lot of their time in winter, soaking in the warm water–kind of like the macaque Jacuzzi! Baboons reside in savannas open wooded areas and mountains that are rocky. Although they can climb trees, they are most of their time on the ground.
The monkeys of the world are known for their tree-swinging leaps that are awe-inspiring to human acrobats! A lot of monkeys utilize the “arm over arm” technique you might have seen kids doing on the “monkey bars” at the playground! Colobus monkeys, unlike other monkeys, have hind legs that are larger than their forelimbs, making an incredible leaping capability with high speed.
The feet of monkeys are just as flexible as hands, which help them navigate through the tiny branches high up in the rainforest canopy. Monkeys play a crucial role in their native habitats through flower pollination and spreading seeds while they travel. Certain monkeys can swim. their webbed toes assist them navigate through the water, and they might paddle across a river or river to stay away from predators or seek food.
Night or owl monkeys strictly nocturnal, using their huge eyes to see in darkness. They communicate with each other by using scents and sounds, as well as grunts which resonate through the forest.
Prehensile tails come in handy to keep a monkey in place while the monkey eats: flowers or fruits, nuts leaves, seeds, insects, birds’ eggs spiders, tiny mammals. They are also useful for catching small mammals. World monkeys fill up their cheek pouches to the max with fruits, leaves and insects when they go foraging during the day, stopping in their chewing and eating whenever they come across a safe place to rest. Baboons can also take meat when they catch it, which includes young antelopes, rabbits, and birds such as guinea fowl.
Leaves are the main food of choice for some kinds of monkeys. Colobus monkeys and langurs both have chambered stomachs that carry bacteria that help ferment and digest leaves. Geladas prefer to graze on grass!